District Profile

The district Kushinagar is named after sacred death place of Lord Buddha. The area of the district is 2873.50 sq. km. and lies on the eastern fringe of Uttar Pradesh bordering the state of Bihar. Total population of the district is 28.93 lakhs with density of 1007 persons per square km. The district demography is predominantly rural, high level of poverty and low percentage of working population.

The district is divided into 14 blocks with 1571 villages. The brief socio-economic and technological profile of the district is given in Table 1. The district is primarily agrarian with 77 per cent of area under cultivation. The district falls under the middle Gangetic (North – East) plains having alluvial soil. The net area sown is 233166 hectares with 1.67 lakh hectares area under irrigation. More than 91 per cent of the area is owned by small and marginal farmers (Table 1).


Map of District Kushinagar

Socio - Economic and technological profile of agriculture

S.N. Item Characteristics Value
1 1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
Geographical area (Sq km)
Forest (ha)
Net sown area (000 ha)
Area sown more than once (000 ha)
Cropping intensity (%)
Fallow land (ha)
Land not available for cultivation (ha)
2906
818
223,166
125,263
156.1 %
5156
50,859
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
Administrative
No of blocks
No of Nyaya Panchayat
No of villages inhabited and electrified
No of villages with potable water supply

14
141
1084 electrified out of 1571
1571
3 Rainfall (mm) 1200 (1227 mm in 2006)
4 Agro-climatic region and zone Middle Gangetic Plain (North - East)
5 Population (,ooo)
Male (000)
Female (000)
Families below poverty line (000)
2891.68
1472.84
1418.84
202372
6 Literacy Total (%)
Male
Female
46.9 %
63.6 %
29.6 %
7 7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
Nationalized bank branches
Regional Rural Banks
Cooperative Banks
Cooperative and Village Development Bank
43
53
24
3
7 Literacy Total (%)
Male
Female
46.9 %
63.6 %
29.6 %
8 8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
Cultivators
Of whom small & marginal ones
Agricultural labourers
Artisans
Household/cottage industries
285,698
275,698
157,530
42,406
22,642
9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
Irrigation
Net irrigated area (ha)
By channels (ha)
Tube wells (ha)
Other (ha)
167104
59474
87811
19819
10 Chemical fertilizers ( kg per ha) 156 Kg
11
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
Seed/fertilizers/pesticides depots
Rural markets/ mandis (No.)
Rural Godowns
Cold Storage
Agro Service Centre

413 / 399 / 399
9
383
2
128
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
Dairy animals
Cattle (cows)
Buffaloes
Sheep/goat
Poultry birds

151273
198312
282737
236623

Source : Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.


Distribution of Operational Holdings

Farm Size (ha) Operational Holdings Area Operated
Up to 1 Number : 372538
% : 88.51
ha : 140458
% : 59.81
1 - 2 Number : 34357
% : 8.16
ha : 48607
% : 20.70
2 - 4 Number : 11362
% : 2.70
ha : 30081
% : 12.81
4 - 10 Number : 2472
% : 0.59
ha : 13164
% : 5.61
Above 10 Number : 160
% : 0.40
ha : 2449
% : 1.04
Total Number : 420889
% : 100
ha : 234819
% :100

Source : Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.


Crop Sector

The major crops of the district are paddy, wheat, maize, pulses, potato, vegetables and mango. Sugarcane is the main cash crop of the district. The district has a prominent place in fruits and vegetables cultivation. The important crops cultivated on commercial basis are mango, litchi, banana, okra, pea etc.

Major Food and Commercial Crops – Paddy, sugarcane, wheat, lentil, mustard, mango, etc.


Area, Production and Productivity of major crops in district Kushinagar

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (MT) Productivity (q/ha)
1 Paddy 123013 312045 25.37
2 Wheat 113722 219872 19.33
3 Maize 5698 10872 19.08
4 Barley 96 96 10.00
5 Lentil 3773 1875 4.97
6 Urd 217 126 5.81
7 Pea 507 592 11.67
8 Pigeon Pea 937 662 7.06
9 Mustard 9697 7481 7.71
10 Sugarcane 68739 3622270 526.96
11 Potato 1537 34524 224.62
12 Turmeric 796 2927 36.77

Source : Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.


Details of Fertilizers availability through different sources in district Kushinagar (MT)

S.N. Block Nitrogen Phosphorus Potash Total
1 Kaptanganj 2558 918 366 3842
2 Ramkola 2453 866 351 3670
3 Motichak 2147 1042 321 3510
4 Sukrauli 2697 885 366 3948
5 Hata 2380 1031 351 3762
6 Khadda 1854 952 365 3171
7 Nebua Naurangia 2224 909 292 3425
8 Vishunpura 2071 788 311 3170
9 Padrauna 3165 853 411 4429
10 Kasya 2177 695 162 3034
11 Dudohi 2769 1108 266 4143
12 Fazilnagar 2566 857 340 3763
13 Tamkuhi 3778 894 411 5083
14 Sevrahi 3150 1137 250 4537

Source : Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.


Details of Fertilizers availability through different sources in district Kushinagar (MT)

S.N. Block Paddy Wheat Maize Arhar Lentil Mustard Sugarcane Potato
1 Kaptanganj 9778 7861 187 15 313 663 4331 92
2 Ramkola 8420 7610 334 31 138 1145 7842 41
3 Motichak 8841 7820 191 31 271 318 3540 67
4 Sukrauli 9498 8388 112 23 126 473 3905 78
5 Hata 9071 8706 327 24 229 623 2976 46
6 Khadda 7807 6217 375 96 374 1439 8540 58
7 Nebua Naurangia 7315 6197 205 49 281 1360 6623 83
8 Vishunpura 7760 6835 370 102 312 1205 7996 102
9 Padrauna 12028 10581 925 124 405 753 8175 122
10 Kasya 7534 6889 865 36 156 535 3388 134
11 Dudohi 8583 10880 701 152 305 364 3931 152
12 Fazilnagar 8827 8702 263 115 243 235 1607 212
13 Tamkuhi 8620 9475 417 76 302 318 3309 212
14 Sevrahi 8364 7126 416 58 318 237 2006 134

Source : Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.


Details of Fertilizers availability through different sources in district Kushinagar (MT)

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (MT) Productivity (t/ha)
1 Mango 4374 16191 3.702
2 Litchi 52 163 3.135
3 Guava 17 147 8.647
4 Banana 194 7035 36.366
5 Jackfruit 83 2075 25.00
6 Cauliflower 201 4045 20.124
7 Brinjal 83 2227 30.507
8 Okra 199 1967 9.884
9 Cabbage 84 1906 22.690
10 Green Pea 290 2389 8.238
11 Bottle Gourd 56 1543 27.554
12 Onion 71 976 11.620

Source : Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.


Livestock Sector

Dairy development in recent times has assumed great importance as an allied activity to agriculture. Besides, due to nutrient value of dairy products, the activity is also being practiced on commercial basis. Even under SGSY and Special Component Plan, this activity is being financed as a main activity with a view to provide employment throughout the year. Animal husbandry sector within agriculture sector contributes more than 25% of total value of output.

Kushinagar district is dominated by small and marginal farmers. To generate additional income, each small farmer keeps three animals on an average. The district has facilities of veterinary hospitals, livestock development centres and artificial insemination centres. However the support activities are not adequate as there has been substantial increase in dairy activity due to its adoption by inhabitants on massive scale. At present 1552 poultry units are active in the district, but the egg production is very low.

According to the available data there are about 1388 ponds covering 862 ha of land ranging in size between 0.2 ha to 5 ha which can be exploited for promotion of fisheries.

Lack of FYM and use of cow dung for burning has added to depletion of organic matter in the soil. A number of suggestions are being proposed to improve soil health and cattle management with a view to upgrade the productivity of crops as well as cattle.


Dairy Profile of Kushinagar District

S.N.
1 Population of breedable Cross bred cows 15144
2 Population of breedable Desi Cows 42632
3 Population of breedable Buffaloes 100198
4 Total Milk production (000MT) 948
5 Livestock Development Centres 40
6 Artificial Insemination Centres 27
7 Goat Farm 1
8 Sheep Development Centre 1
9 Pig development Centres 5
10 Poultry Unit 1552
11 Piggery Unit 392
12 Number of Milk Societies 91
13 Number of District Milk Cooperative 0
14 District level chilling facility 0

Source : Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.